Types Of Dragon Fruit

Different types of dragon fruit cultivated in India


We will talk about different types of mango, their taxonomy, and the medical uses of dragonfruit

There are different types of dragon fruit which are classified by the color of their peels (The peel is the outer protective layer of the fruit) and the pulp (the soft, juicy, or moist part of the fruit).

This plant is commonly known as Dragon Fruit since the fruits called Pitahaya have a leathery skin and scaly spikes on the exterior. It is found in tropical deciduous forests.

In the tropical and subtropical world, dragon fruit are commonly found and cultivated in Southeast Asia, India, the United States, the Caribbean, and Australia.



1) Selenicereus Undatus(White Dragon Fruit)


types of dragon fruit


types of dragon fruit


The white pulp in the fruit also gives it the name white-fleshed pitaya or Pitaya blanca, and formerly it was also referred to as Hylocereus undatus.

Plants of this genus are native to  Americas, but the particular origin of the species  is not clear.

This fruit has pink peels and white pulp.

It is the most cultivated species in the genus because it is used as an ornamental vine as well as a fruit crop.


2) Selenicereus Costaricensis(Red Dragon Fruit)


types of dragon fruit


The red pulp in the fruit also gives it the name red-fleshed pitaya or Pitaya roja, and formerly it was also referred to as Hylocereus costaricensis.

Since it has been cultivated so widely, it is difficult to determine its natural range, but it is native to Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

This fruit has reddish peels and red pulp.

Due to its reddish color, it is the most attractive.

For medical purposes, it is highly recommended.

Due to its high vitamin C content, it is more expensive than other species fruits.


3) Selenicereus Megalanthus(Yellow Dragon Fruit)

types of dragon fruit


The yellow pulp in the fruit also gives it the name yellow pitaya or Pitaya amarilla, and formerly it was also referred to as Hylocereus megalanthus.

Native to Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela and found in tropical riparian forests.

This fruit has yellow peels and white pulp.

Among the dragon fruit species, it is the sweetest.

The exterior of the fruit appears to be covered in leathery skin and scaly spikes.

A special characteristic

People who like sweet tasting fruits tend to like this plant’s fruit. Its flavor is similar to that of kiwi.

Meaning of name and abbreviations

Pitahaya is the name of a fruit derived from the Mexican name for several erect, sprawling, or vining cacti.



Medical Use

A virus called Cornavirus has been spreading across the world, so this dragon fruit assists in building the immune system to fight it.

  • In terms of diet, dragon fruit is more recommended since it is popular for reducing cholesterol.
  • Having a high antioxidant content, it protects cells from damage, thus preventing cancer.
  • The replacement of insulin-secreting pancreatic cells lowers blood sugar levels in the body by producing insulin.
  • As a result of the prebiotics present in fruit, it helps balance the good and bad bacteria in the intestines.


Taxonomic Tree Of Dragon Fruit

  • Kingdom: Plantae.
  • Division  : Tracheophyta.
  • Class       : Magnoliopsida.
  • Family     : Cactaceae.
  • Genus      : selenicereus. (eariler it was Hylocereus)
  • Species    : The dragon fruits actually exist in three species, however, because of hybridization for commercial purposes, we have various varieties.
    ex: Hylocereus undatus(Pitahaya Red-White).



There are different types of dragon fruit. The three major types are Selenicereus Undatus, Selenicereus Costaricensis, and Selenicereus Megalanthus. The plant belongs to the genus selenicereus and is used in modern medicine.


Frequently Asked Question

Which is the sweetest dragon fruit ?

Yellow Dragon Fruit is the sweetest dragon fruit.

Is dragon fruit high in sugar ?

In comparison to other tropical fruits, dragon fruit contains less sugar and carbs.

Can I eat dragon fruit everyday ?

Dragon fruits are an excellent source of fiber. For adults, 25 grams of fiber is recommended daily.

Dragon fruit production in the world ?

The largest dragon fruit producers are Vietnam, China, and Indonesia in Asia Pacific.

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