Table of Contents
The importance of organic farming, the techniques for organic farming, the benefits of organic farming, and the benefits of organic food will be discussed.
As an information about organic farming, the process of raising crops without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides (Organic: A method of production without chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or other artificial chemicals, Farming: the process of raising).
Sir Albert Howard (the father of modern organic farming), F.H. King, and Rudolf Steine developed organic farming concepts in the early 1900s. who were agricultural researchers in India who drew great inspiration from traditional farming practices and urged their adoption in the West.
Organic farming utilizes organic fertilizers such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and emphasizes techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting.
Organic Farming Techniques
In organic agriculture, there are established standards that set out the types of methods that can be used. Some of the most common and recommended are as follows.
1. Crop Rotation
Planting different species on the same field at different times of the year is referred to as crop rotation.
Pest and weed pressure is reduced, as well as the likelihood of developing resistance to pests and weeds.
2. Using Organic Manures
Animal, vegetable and other organic waste products and products of their processing are considered to be manures.
They have an organic origin, are bulky and concentrated, provide plant nutrients, and improve the soil environment.
Manures do not have definite chemical compositions and have low analytical values.
3. Integrated Pest Control
By using organic farming, pests are not completely destroyed, which would change the ecosystem.
In Integrated Pest Management, the alternative methods of pest control are prevention, natural barriers, physical removal, and interacting with their biological enemies (predators).
4. Integrated Weed Control
The use of heavy chemicals is prohibited in organic farming.
Because of this, weed control is achieved using other methods of integrated weed management.
Benefits Of Organic Farming.
Organic farming uses fewer pesticides than conventional agriculture, so it’s more beneficial to farmers.
1. Reduction Of Pesticide And Chemical Residues In Soil
By using organic farming methods, pesticides and chemicals are reduced, thus reducing environmental issues. It maintains the health of soil, water, air, and flora and fauna. Additionally, it reduces environmental problems like soil erosion, air pollution, water pollution, etc.
2. Organic Farming Helps To Prevent Global Warming.
According to some research studies, continuous use of organic farming practices reduces carbon dioxide emissions and slows climate change.
3. Organic Farming Helps Protect Animal Welfare.
Pesticides and chemical sprays disturb and destroy the natural habitats of most insects, birds, fishes, etc. By contrast, organic farming preserves natural habitats by encouraging birds and other natural predators to live in the farmland, which acts as a natural pest control method.
4. Organic Farming Promotes Biodiversity
Pesticides, herbicides, and other harmful chemicals are reduced in organic farming, which also helps to keep soil fauna and flora healthy.
Benefits Of Organic Food
Organic food is generally believed to be healthier than conventional ones, which is the primary reason why its demand has increased over the past decade.
1. Having Better Overall Health
Unlike conventional food, organic food is not produce or processed with chemicals. Organic food is produced by using natural methods, such as green manure for fertilizing farms and crop rotation to control pests and diseases. It is free from toxic chemicals and may not adversely affect human health.
2. Having A Better Taste
Since organic crops are given more time to develop and mature, they are not only nutritious but also tasty. Natural and environmentally friendly agricultural production methods result in organic food products with a better taste.
3. Having A Stronger Immune System
The risk of a decline in immune system strength is significantly reduced by eating organic foods, since organic foods are not altered in any way. In addition, organic foods contain higher amounts of vitamins and minerals that strengthen the immune system.
4. Foods That Are Organic Are Not Genetically Modified
As organic products are not produced by GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms), food safety advocates argue that GMOs are linked to slowed brain growth, internal organ damage, gastrointestinal disorders, and thickening of the digestive tract. So organic food is preferred.
In organic farming, crops are raised without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Through the use of techniques such as Crop Rotation, Organic Manures, Integrated Pest Control, Integrated Weed Control, and Integrated Weed Control, we can reduce pesticide residues and prevent global warming. In order to have a Better Overall Health and a Better Taste
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