I have included in this post a description of the important different types of mangoes in India, their taxonomy, and their significance
About 1700 varieties of different types of mangoes in India are grown in India, including commercial varieties and hybrid varieties. Each variety has its own flavor and taste.
Throughout India, it has been cultivated mostly in the north, particularly in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, as well as in the south, especially in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
A mango is one of the sweetest fruits and high in fiber, so it’s probably best for people having Constipation than other fruits. Mango plants are grown for their high demand and commercial purpose around the world. The following are some of the major different types of mangoes in India.
Alphonso of Karnataka (Alphonso: A small mango grown in India that has yellowish skin and bright orange flesh after perfectly ripening) is a common name for Badami.
The Badami mango is native to India. The Portuguese introduced grafting on mango trees to produce Alphonso varieties during their inventory of India. Since the Badami mango is a close relative to the Alphonso, it has evolved and is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
As Badami Mango trees have almost identical leaves and flowers to different types of mango, it is very difficult to differentiate them with just sight, but by observing their fruit, we can tell them apart fairly accurately.
The Badami mango fruit usually weighs between 150 and 300 grams, has a rich, creamy texture, and has a soft, non-fibrous, juicy pulp. As the mango matures, the fruit’s skin turns golden yellow with a red tinge on the top.
Among the delicious mangoes grown in India, Badami has a golden yellow color and is called “king of mangoes” for its attractive appearance
Ginimoothi Maavina Kayi, Bangalora, Collector, Kallamai, Kili Mooku, Gilli, Mukku, and Sandersha are some of the names used by Indian cultivators for this Totapuri.
Totapuri mango is native to India. In Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu, it is commonly grown. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
From the name (gini means parrot, muthi means beak), and the taste, Totapuri Mango is easily identified by the parrot-like face. Mango skin is less bitter than other varieties of mango, and it is traditionally eaten with the flesh.
As Badami Mango trees have almost identical leaves and flowers to different types of mango, it is very difficult to differentiate them with just sight, but by observing their fruit, we can tell them apart fairly accurately. SpecialityThe unripe totapuri has a special taste and is popular for it due to its less bitter taste, which helps to make a mango pickle
Banganapalli( Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh ,Benishan , Chappatai, Safeda (Delhi, UP and other northern states), Badam Aam (Rajasthan, MP, Malwa, Mewar and other areas of Central India) are some other names.
In India, Bananapalli mango originated in Andhra Pradesh. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
The mangos fruits are obliquely oval in shape and around 14 cm long. When the mango matures, its flesh turns yellow and its skin appears thin and smooth.
Among the delicious mangoes grown in India, Banganapalli is one called “king of mangoes” and contains vitamin A and C
In Karnataka, it is called Raspuri, in Maharashtra, Pairi, and it is also called sweet mango
Raspuri mango is native to India. It is commonly grown in Karnataka and Maharashtra. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
Raspuri mangoes are oval in shape and approximately 4 to 6 inches long. The skin of ripe fruit is reddish yellow in color.
This mango is an excellent source of vitamin A and C. As this mango pulp has a sweet taste, it is suitable for making juices, nectars, drinks, jams, fruit cheeses, or to be enjoyed alone or for desserts with cream.
Neelum is commonly known as a dwarf plant since it can grow in small areas
Southeast Asia and India are the origins of this mango. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
The fruit weighs 255gm and is roughly the size of a fat cashew nut. Upon ripening, they are smooth-skinned and bright yellow with no blush
Marketing purposes are also very useful since they have an extended ripening season and can be stored for an extended period. Neelum is a dwarf tree perfect for home gardeners.
It is popularly known as Malgova or Malgoa in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Malgova mango is native to India. It is commonly grown in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is a species of Mangifera Indica.
This mango fruit is roundish-oblique in shape and small, with a blunt apex. When ripe, it retains its green colors (with a hint of red).
They are also very useful for marketing since they have an extended ripening season and can be stored for an extended period of time, much like a Neelum. Low acidity.
Medicinal uses of mangoes: fruits, leaves, flowers
Mango fruit has high levels of vitamin A, making it an excellent fruit for improving vision, preventing night blindness. And also Improves the immune system as well.
Mango leaf and other parts of the plant can be used to treat stomach ulcers and other digestive problems.
Mango flowers are used to alleviate stomach upset, lower cholesterol, and treat acidity problems.
An Overview Of The Mango Taxonomy
Division : Tracheophyta.
Class : Magnoliopsida.
Family : Anacardiaceae.
Genus : Mangifera L. – mango.
Species : Mango comes in various types of species .
Mangifera indica(Mango) is a common species in India
India grows about 1700 varieties of different mangoes. Some of the major types of mangoes found in India are Badami, Totapuri, Banganapalli, Raspuri, Neelum, Malgova. Mangos are very healthy as they contain high amounts of vitamin A, which helps prevent night blindness and improve vision. Mangifera L. is the genus of the mango tree.